scintro APPLE
   Description   Nutritional Value   Health Benefits   Varieties   Botanical Facts   Select and Store   Uses   Nutrition Chart   Web Reference  



Apple    Description Top of Page

FAMILY: Rosaceae
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Malus pumila,
Malus sylvestris

Apple is a Pome fruit.A Pome is a fleshy fruit with thin skin, not formed from the ovary but from another part.The seeds are contained in chamber in the center of fruit. Thousands of varieties of apples are grown world wide.The skin color of apples can range from red to yellow to green. Apple is crispy and juicy fruit.It size can vary from 2 to 4 inches.

Apple    Nutritional Value Top of Page

Apples are good source of dietary fiber pectin.

It is a good source of Vitamin C

Apple    Health Benefits Top of Page
Soluble fiber pectin which is rich in apples helps to reduce blood cholestrol.

Quercetin, a flavonoid found in apple fight against cancer.

Apple    Varieties Top of Page
Thousands of varieties of apples are available world wide.Red delicious,Golden delicious,Gala,Fuji,McIntosh and Rome beauty are some popular varieties in U.S
Apple    Botanical Facts Top of Page
Apples need a certain amount of chilling hour (dormant period-some hours below 45 degree F) to trigger the development of leaf and flower buds.

Apple trees take four or five years to produce their first fruit.Dwarf and semidwarf trees require as few as 2 years to fruit. Standard trees reach a height and spread of 25 feet while dwarf trees 10-12 feet and semidwarf trees 15-18 feet.

Apple blossoms are pink when they open but gradually fade to white.

Apple    Select and Store Top of Page
An apple skin should be shiny.Also with firm flesh and free of bruises and punctures and soft spots.To ripen apples store them at room temperature.Apples store well for long periods,refrigerated or in a cool,dry place.
Apple    Uses Top of Page
A whole apple is more nutrious than drinking juice and also eat it fresh.Apples are used in salads, deserts, juices, pies, breads, cakes and also in alcoholic beverages. Sliced apples turn brown on exposure to air.
Apple    Nutrition chart Top of Page

* Amount in 100 grams of edible portion

ENERGY (kilocalories) 52
WATER(grams) 85.56
FAT(grams) 0.17
PROTEIN(grams) 0.26
CARBOHYDRATES(grams) 13.81
FIBER(grams) 2.4
Fat Soluble:
Vitamin A (mcg-RAE) 3
Vitamin D -
Vitamin E (mg) 0.18
Vitamin K (mcg) 2.2
Water Soluble:
Vitamin C (mg) 4.6
Vitamin B
Riboflavin (mg) 0.026
Pyridoxine(B6) (mg) 0.041
Calcium 6
Iron 0.12
Magnesium 5
Phosphorus 11
Potassium 107
Sodium 1
Zinc 0.04
Copper 0.027
Manganese 0.035
Apple    Web reference Top of Page
Wasington apples

Michigan apple committee

Newyork apple country

Ohio apples

University of Illinois Extension

Apple journal

All About Apples