scintro AVOCADO
   Description   Nutritional Value   Health Benefits   Varieties   Botanical Facts   Select and Store   Uses   Nutrition Chart   Web Reference  



Avocado    Description Top of Page

FAMILY: Lauraceae
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Persea americana
COMMON NAME: Avocado, Alligator pear

Avocado fruit is botanicaly one seeded berry. Avocado is a ovoid or pear shaped fruit with thin or thick skin. Its skin is glossy green or dark black green, and smooth or bumpy. The flesh of avocado is deep green near the skin and pale yellow nearer the single large seed.

Avocado    Nutritional Value Top of Page

Avocados are high in monosaturated fat.

They are low in saturated fat .

Avocado has no cholestrol and sodium.

Avocado is a good source of dietary fiber and potassium.

Avocados are excellent source of vitamin E

Avocado    Health Benefits Top of Page
Beta-sitosterol a phytosterol found in avocado helps lower blood cholesterol levels.

Glutathione which is rich in avocado functions as an antioxidant,like vitamin E, to neutralize peroxide and free radicals. Avocado is also used in cosmetics and skin cream

Avocado    Varieties Top of Page
Lot of varieties of avocados are available world wide. Hass, Fuerte, Bacon, Lula are some popular varieties
Avocado    Botanical Facts Top of Page
Avocado is a dense evergreen tree.Avocado trees reach a height of 20 to 80 feet depends on the variety.

A large heavily flowering tree may have over one million flowers.Even though each panicle will produce one to three fruits,it has nearly 300 small yellow green blooms per panicle.

Avocado can be grown from seed,but the plants are usually propagated by grafting.Grafted plants produce fruit within two to three years, but seven to twelve years for seedlings.

Avocado    Select and Store Top of Page
Avocados are available unripe in most of the markets. So look for hard and unblemished avocados. Ripe avocados yield slightly to gentle pressure.

Avocados can be ripened at room temperature. So to ripen avocados keep the fruit in paper bag and leave it in room temperature, until it ripe. Ripe avocados can be stored in refrigerator for 2 to 4 days.

Avocado    Uses Top of Page
Avocados are usually eaten raw, because cooking destroys it flavor and get slight bitter flavor. Guacamole is a very famous avocado dip. Avocados are used in salads, juices, cold soups, and desserts.

After cutting or peeling avocados, flesh discolors quickly when exposed to air. Sprinkle lemon or lemon juice on the fruit to slow the darkening process to air.

Avocado    Nutrition chart Top of Page

* Amount in 100 grams of edible portion

ENERGY (kilocalories) 167
WATER(grams) 72.33
FAT(grams) 15.41
PROTEIN(grams) 1.96
FIBER(grams) 6.8
Fat Soluble:
Vitamin A (mcg-RAE) 7
Vitamin D -
Vitamin E (mg) 1.97
Vitamin K (mcg) 21
Water Soluble:
Vitamin C (mg) 8.8
Vitamin B
Riboflavin (mg) 0.143
Pyridoxine(B6) (mg) 0.287
Calcium 13
Iron 0.61
Magnesium 29
Phosphorus 54
Potassium 507
Sodium 8
Zinc 0.68
Copper 0.17
Manganese 0.149
Avocado    Web reference Top of Page
California Avocado commission

Calavo Growers,Inc

University of California

Avocado source

New Zealand Avocados

California Avocado Society