| FAMILY:|| Lauraceae|
| SCIENTIFIC NAME:|| Persea americana|
| COMMON NAME:|| Avocado, Alligator pear|
Avocado fruit is botanicaly one seeded berry. Avocado is a ovoid or pear shaped fruit with thin or thick skin.
Its skin is glossy green or dark black green, and smooth or bumpy. The flesh of avocado is deep green near the skin
and pale yellow nearer the single large seed.
Avocados are high in monosaturated fat.
They are low in saturated fat .
Avocado has no cholestrol and sodium.
Avocado is a good source of dietary fiber and potassium.
Avocados are excellent source of vitamin E
|Beta-sitosterol a phytosterol found in avocado
helps lower blood cholesterol levels.
Glutathione which is rich in avocado functions as an antioxidant,like vitamin E, to neutralize peroxide and
free radicals. Avocado is also used in cosmetics and skin cream
|Lot of varieties of avocados are available world wide. Hass, Fuerte, Bacon, Lula are some
|Avocado is a dense evergreen tree.Avocado trees reach a
height of 20 to 80 feet depends on the variety.
A large heavily flowering tree may have over one million flowers.Even though each panicle will produce one to three fruits,it
has nearly 300 small yellow green blooms per panicle.
Avocado can be grown from seed,but the plants are usually propagated by grafting.Grafted plants produce
fruit within two to three years, but seven to twelve years for seedlings.
|Avocados are available unripe in most of the markets. So look for
hard and unblemished avocados. Ripe avocados yield slightly to gentle pressure.
Avocados can be ripened at room temperature. So to ripen avocados keep the fruit in paper bag and leave it in room temperature, until it ripe.
Ripe avocados can be stored in refrigerator for 2 to 4 days.
| Avocados are usually eaten raw, because cooking destroys it flavor
and get slight bitter flavor. Guacamole is a very famous avocado dip. Avocados are used in salads, juices, cold soups,
After cutting or peeling avocados, flesh discolors quickly when exposed to air. Sprinkle lemon or lemon juice on the
fruit to slow the darkening process to air.
* Amount in 100 grams of edible portion
|Vitamin A (mcg-RAE)
|Vitamin E (mg)
|Vitamin K (mcg)
|Vitamin C (mg)